Background Key Concepts of Jomini to Continental Strategy Jomini’s Ideas and their Validation on the Nature of Warfare Contributions in Advancing Strategic. interpreting his contributions to strategy and the art of war: Antoine Henri Jomini ( ) and Carl von Clausewitz (%. ). The purpose of this. Baron Antoine Reuri Jomini is generally recognized as the dominant military strategist tactics and strategy, particularly that of the South, and the inevitable.

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Despite his insistence that theory must be descriptive rather than prescriptive in nature, Clausewitz frequently provides instructive discussions of common military problems like contested river crossings, the defense of mountainous areas, etc.

These insults, because they refer to the Prussian by name, have more meaning to readers unfamiliar with On War than do the Summary ‘s concessions on theoretical issues.

He drew on his growing knowledge of military operations to standardize several procedures, taking advantage of his position to experiment with organizational systems and strategies.

After several years of retirement and literary work, Jomini resumed his post in the Russian army, and in abouthe was made a full general. The fall of Napoleon, by giving up many studious officers to the leisures of peace, became the signal for the apparition of a host of military writings of all kinds. One example of a direct borrowing from On War: Clearly, he did on some level greatly admire Clausewitz’s work.

The footnotes below are by Jomini. In Prussia, General Scharnhorst commenced also to sound those questions with success.

The Present Theory of War and Its Utility

One cannot deny to General Clausewitz great learning and a facile pe; but this pen, at times a little vagrant, is above all too pretentious for a stragegy discussion, the simplicity and clearness of which ought to be its first merit. At the same time appeared also in Germany, under modest title of an introduction to the study of the military art, a valuable work by M.


Thus Jomini and Clausewitz often appear either as opposites or as twins. As stfategy when we are given a choice between two such clear alternatives, neither really proves to be very useful and the truth lies somewhere else.

Jomini and Clausewitz–Their Interaction

He died on March 24,at his home in Passy, France. Jomini emphasized the capture of major points and the importance of superior numbers and lines of operation, and he advocated the employment of speed and maneuver rather than battle whenever possible. Inafter trying without success to bring about a political understanding between France and Russia, Jomini was called to St Petersburg to act as a military adviser to jonini Tsar during the Crimean War. He wtrategy that the Prussian had not been able to read his own Summary”persuaded that he would have rendered to it some justice.

In April of he moved etrategy Basle where he found a clerical position at the banking house of Monsieurs Preiswerk. Advancing to general-in-chief in the service of Russia inhe became the military tutor of the Tzarevich Nicholas.

Antoine Henri Jomini

In Jomini was appointed bureau chief within the Swiss war office, and komini the following months, now with the rank of major, he reorganized the ministry for the Swiss War. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Free Press, “to construct a different, non-Clausewitzian and non-strategic, framework for thinking about war.

As I have said in my chapter of principles, published by itself inthe art of war has existed in all time, and strategy especially was the same under Caesar as under Napoleon. Inhe was appointed military tutor to the crown prince, for whom he wrote in a military treatise we call The Principles of War. He experienced first-hand Prussia’s disastrous military humiliation by Napoleon inwas captured, and returned to Prussia a passionate military reformer.


I will attribute this confusion to our frequent lack of sensitivity to the differences in the two men’s experiences and personalities, and to the way in which they interacted over time. See also Christoph M. The young Clausewitz also accepted Jomini’s fundamental strategic theme: Clausewitz’s comments therefore do not reflect Jomini’s modifications to his earlier arguments, for the Summary contains many adjustments clearly attributable to On War ‘s arguments.

On the other hand, using On War as a mere stockpile of juicy quotes in support of this doctrinal position or that is also an abuse. Finally, there is a third kind, that of critical history, applied to the principles of the art, and more especially designed to develop the relations of events with stratgy principles. Jomini was thus engaged strtegy the retreat from Moscow and the uprising of Prussia transferred the seat of war to central Germany.

InJomini published his views as to the conduct of the impending war with Prussia.

Fuller’s term for himit is important to note that, in fact, Clausewitz represents not the ideas of Napoleon but rather those of his most capable opponent, the Prussian military reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst. This page srategy last edited on 29 Octoberat However, as those of our epoch have also contributed to the progress of the science, in seeking to explain causes of success, I shall be permitted to say a few words on them. But if as a didactic author, he has raised more doubts than he has discovered truths, as a critical historian, he has been an unscrupulous plagiarist, pillaging his predecessors, copying their reflections, and saying evil afterwards of their works, after having travestied them under other forms.

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