Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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But the Torah also helps humans to get a spiritual reward in the hereafter. In his opinion, the movement of fire is caused by the diverse hasdzi of the different bodies that are aflame, and not by the existence of a natural place. On this subject see especially Or Hashempp. Crescas tries to prove that the soul and not the mind holds the potential for knowledge.

But contrary to what we might have expected from this situation, Crescas did not create an important Jewish current of thought as did Maimonides and the Kabbala. This treatment of the infinite by Crescas and the metaphoric opinion that God is the place of the world, a point Crescas considered as one of God’s attributes, helped Spinoza build his original view that extension is also an attribute of God.

In Or Hashem P. The question of choice and free will Crescas devotes the sixth part of the second essay to the question of free will. He denounces the different Hasdia opinions as contradicting not only the Jewish tradition, but also the true empirical and rational understanding of the world.

Hasdai Crescas – Wikidata

In his critique of the Aristotelian position on these subjects, Crescas tries to construct a philosophical defense of what he considers to be the traditional Jewish view.


The set was to be named Ner Elohim Candle of God. Spinoza, himself Jewish, probably studied Or Hashem as a young student, for Crescas’s book had a profound influence on his opinions. As a part of his role, he tried to build a new generation of Jewish leaders.

There was a problem with your submission. But according to Crescas, there is another kind of attribute: This experiment has been authorized by the editors of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

In Crescas’s opinion, we can also prove the simplicity of God, but we cannot prove the uniqueness of God. In his opinion the only way to prove the existence of God is via the need for a first cause. This opinion goes together with the view that the principal attribute and motive of God is not intellectual knowledge but love.

He learned in the yeshiva Jewish academy of the town, which was xrescas by Rabbi Nissim of Gerondi. Crescas distinguishes all properties only from matter and not from bodies. It is possible that a pure crezcas without any other quality has actual existence. But if a person does not fulfill the love of God in this world, the soul becomes despondent at his or her rebellion against God in the corporeal world, an error that it plainly understands after the death of the body.

Through him, Crescas may have become aware of the humanist movement in Italy, and indeed Warren Harvey has speculated that there was a considerable amount of mutual influence between the two intellectuals. The non-Jewish occidental philosopher had no possibility of direct access to any of his works until the very recent translation of Or Hashem into French.

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Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas | Spanish philosopher |

God’s omniscience embraces all the innumerable individual beings; God has knowledge of what is as yet not in existence; God knows which of all possibilities will happen, though the nature of the possible is not altered by this. On this book see Ravitzky Itri Edition, in Hebrew. Crescas touches on this subject in some other places, for example in the second and third part of the third essay.

Help us improve this article! There are eight general beliefs in the obligatory category: In Crescas’s opnion, free will, in the sense of an originative cause that is itself uncaused, to decide and act does not really exist. However other scholars understand these chapters as Crescas is that Crescas is not concerned here with finding a morsel of free choice in a highly deterministic world, but is rather addressing a very different problem: A significant proportion of the major rabbis in Aragon in the generation following Crescas were in fact his immediate pupils or people within his circle of scholars.

Man’s ultimate purpose, his highest good, is love, manifested in obedience to God’s laws. As one of the main medieval Jewish philosophers, Crescas critiques the radical Aristotelian philosophy of Maimonides and some of his philosophical heirs.

Aristotelianismthe philosophy of Aristotle and of those later philosophical movements based on his thought.

Aristotelianism, through the works of Maimonidesinfluenced by Arab philosopher Ibn Sina AvicennaGersonides Ralbagand Ibn Roshd Averroeswas threatening to blur the distinctness of the Jewish faith.

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