El Maximato. DK The Maximato took place from Solidified political system; Enfasized creation of Mexican Identity (feeling of. Maximato was a period in the historical and political development of Mexico ranging from to That period was named after Plutarco Elías Calles, who. Plutarco Elías Calles: Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican military and political leader who modernized the revolutionary armies and later became president of Mexico.

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Revolutions in World Historyp.

Plutarco Elías Calles

In sports – Great impeller of the sport. Views Sl Edit View history. With the rank of colonel initially, he rose to the rank of brigadier general.

University of New Mexico Press. Ortiz Rubio was succeeded by Abelardo L. InCalles became governor of Sonora, known as one of the most reformist politicians of his generation. Mexico managed to avoid war through a series of diplomatic maneuvers.

The oil problem stemmed from article 27 of the Mexican Constitution ofwhich re-stated a law from Spanish origin that made everything under the soil property of the state.

Plutarco Elías Calles – Wikipedia

Northern Illinois University The federal government appointed him as representative in the Territory of Baja California. National Revolutionary Party Laborist Party until Talks of war circulated by the U. This conflict ended when both countries signed a treaty in which they allowed each other to support the side they considered to be the most democratic.

Officially, afterCalles served as minister of war, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War ; however, a few months later, following the intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrowthe Mexican government and the Cristeros signed a peace treaty. In order not to draw too much attention to his unhappy childhood, Calles chose to ignore those rumors rather than to fight them.


Thereafter, the sexenio formed the basis for regular and orderly political succession. As president, he inaugurated the National Palace of Fine Arts. President of Mexico — In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Seeking to ensure political stability, Calles opted not to violate the “no-reelection” principle and instead chose one of his supporters, Emilio Portes Gil, as interim president December to February until new elections could be held.

In his last years, he reportedly became interested in Spiritualism. Officially, afterhe served as minister of war, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War, but a few months later, after intervention of the United States ambassador Dwight Morrow, the Mexican government and the Cristeros signed a peace treaty. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Carranza had attempted to impose an unknown civilian, Ignacio Bonillasthe Mexican ambassador to the U.

Roberto Fierro was the pilot. In those six years the more radical aspects of the revolution were methodically curbed. He resigned “with my hands clean of blood or money” and later in his memoir called Calles’s rule as a “thinly veiled dictatorship. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Pascual Ortiz Rubio – Wikipedia

Calles was a supporter of Francisco I. There was a problem with your submission. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Pani’s classical liberal policies of a balanced budget and stable maximtao helped restore foreign investors’ confidence in Mexico.


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Ell his presidency social legislation promised by the Mexican constitution of was introduced for the first time, including a minimum wage and the 8-hour working day. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat This was later reflected in his social agenda, which included expansion of public education, and the removal of church influence from education, politics and unions.

Abelardo L. Rodríguez

It became a national party, designed to exist as an institution rather than a coalition that came into being only during elections, and was successful in elections for local, state, and national offices.

Retrieved from ” https: He is honored with statues in SonoytaHermosillo, and his hometown of Guaymas. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Morones of the powerful Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers CROMwho might have been responsible for the assassination to gain power himself; and toward the assassin, Toral.

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