You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–

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Spearman correlation tests were performed to correlate median UIC with the prevalence of overweight, obesity and stunting because these variables did not show a normal distribution. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. In general, it is accepted that 30 urine samples are enough to calculate the median of UIC 2. Iodine-deficient soils are common in mountainous areas Urinary iodine excretion is the most appropriate outcome indicator for iodine deficiency at field conditions at district level.

Twenty-four percent of families obtained water from wells contaminated with arsenicum and mercury in Pachuca and Ixmiquilpan, and with colibacilli in Ixmiquilpan. There are no recent national surveys about iodine content in table salt in households of Mexico, and the consumption pattern of iodized salt is poorly understood.

Endemic goiter in Latin America

Because of the lack of recent information on UIC in the Queretaro state, we selected 10 municipalities considered more vulnerable to iodine deficiency according to the criteria described below. Endemic goiter in these municipalities, and in Pinal de Amoles and San Joaquin is associated with geographical characteristics. Yoduria en escolares y embarazadas del estado Trujillo, Venezuela Anthropometric measurements and global nutrition status indicators The weight and height of the children were determined by standard anthropometric procedures All participants voluntarily took part in the study and written consent was obtained from at least one parent or guardian.

This seemingly contradiction could be explained by the access to other dietary sources of iodine, such as processed food, considering the mexici SGI and the subsequent higher social development.


Moreover, Mexico is considered a nutrition transition country with serious problems of overweight and obesity and a reduction of infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies 8.

On the other hand, because UIC mexic obtained from spot urine samples endemmico not useful to estimate individual iodine intake, we used UIC median values from each school to perform a population analysis instead of individual analysis.

A representative subsample of table salt samples between Body mass index BMI was estimated for each subject. Iodine deficiency is still one of the most important nutritional deficiencies worldwide 1. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.

Finally, high rates of congenital hypothyroidism were used as a third criterion of selection. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Endemick mentioned, we identified table salt samples without iodine.

Goiter was evaluated by manual exam and ultrasound. Further studies are needed to document the impact of both obesity and iodine excess in children thyroid function. Thyroid function and structure are affected in childhood obesity. Stunting, wasting, endemco micronutrient deficiency disorders. A total of SDS were calculated according to Cacciari and cols. In our case only 7.

Journal List Public Health Rep v. School food in Mexican een. Overweight and obesity trends in Mexican children 2 to 18 years of age from to Utilizou-se um total de 1. The weight and height of the children were determined by standard anthropometric procedures Because of this, we consider that the generation of a national program for monitoring urinary iodine excretion to reach and keep adequate iodine nutrition by means of an USI program is a priority.

Get a printable copy PDF file of the complete article 1.

bocio endemico en mexico pdf

Intakes of dairy products and dietary supplements are positively associated with iodine status among U. To our knowledge, the observed positive correlation between UIC and overweight and obesity has not been described before, and could be explained by the availability and consumption of snack food rich in energy and iodized salt. Endemic goiter in Costa Rican school children. This finding supports the notion that there are localities that depend on the intake of high quality iodized table salt mexicp guarantee adequate iodine nutrition.


To measure the frequency of goiter and the presence of potential goitrogens in a sample of school-age children and pregnant women. Is it an aetiological factor for goiter?

bocio endemico en mexico pdf – PDF Files

El bocio endemico en la America Latina. Due to the wide age range 5 to 16 years we analyzed separately the years group and found no differences in the UIC compared with the whole sample. Tercia Cesaria Reis de Souza for her support to translate the title and abstract into Portuguese.

As stated above, we found that the presence of insufficiently iodized table salt is higher in localities with elevated SGI and undernutrition. At a national level, it is estimated that, from tothe consumption of industrialized foods increased 6.

In addition, intensive and permanent educative and normative programs are needed to guarantee the availability and consumption of table salt with adequate iodine content.

Thyroid function derangement and childhood obesity: In Mexico, it is compulsory for the food industry to employ iodized salt in their products. The results of this study are consistent with previous national data that indicate a sustained elimination of iodine deficiency envemico IDD in Mexico ; nevertheless, those studies were performed 14 years ago, and in this lapse of time several and dramatic changes in nutrition have occurred at a national level 8, The Principal from each school was asked to randomly fndemico children of both genders to participate in the study.

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