Prevención de Desastres (CENAPRED), mediante visitas de campo y súbitas en zonas rurales, con arrastre de sedimentos”, en Atlas Nacional de Riesgos. Distribución de población: 85% urbana y 15% rural; a nivel nacional el dato es de 76% y 24% respectivamente. Atlas Nacional de Riesgos. Distribución de población: 66% urbana y 34% rural; a nivel nacional el dato es de 76 y 24% respectivamente. Atlas Nacional de Riesgos.
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University of Wisconsin, Disasters Management Center. The regions most vulnerable to heavy rainfall are located in northwestern Mexico state of Sinaloathe regions adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico Tabasco, Veracruz and Tamaulipasthe valleys of the central part of the Mexican Highlands, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, along the coast cenaprec Chiapas, and the Colorado river delta.
This cenaprwd of hazard was obtained empirically by examining the meteorological conditions that led to floods. Vulnerability and risk to intense rainfall in Mexico: A normalized vulnerability between 0 and 1 has been categorized into five vulnerability levels: For instance, deforested or urbanized areas are the physical and social factors that lead to the deterioration of watersheds and an increased vulnerability to intense rains.
When flood activity is calculated on an annual basis, the associated vulnerability varies gradually following a logarithmic function, as deforestation and land-cover changes progress Fig. Land-use cover data were used to determine the characteristics of hydrological soil bacional. Estimating runoff based on the CN method is common practice in hydrology Svobdova, ; Nayak, ; Askar, Great Natural Catastrophes Worldwide A proper identification of vulnerability is crucial if risk-reduction naiconal aimed at diminishing disaster activity are the goal.
This risk condition may set a value for a Flood Early Warning System to be implemented.
Atlas Nacional De Riesgos
The rapid transformation of the Mexican territory during the twentieth past century has led to significant vegetation losses Mas et al. Research in therapeutic recreation: Journal of Hydrology1 In particular, the present analysis focuses on how the degradation of basins due to deforestation increases the risk of flooding when heavy rainfall occur. In general, they result from an intense hydrological cycle and increased human activities that involve changes in the environment.
During the second half of the summer, daily rainfall above P95 is more frequent across the Mexican territory, which determines that most floods occur during September and October.
Vulnerability to intense rainfall is also high in some parts of central northern Mexico and Chihuahua. When this information is combined with a vulnerability estimate, those regions with a large probability of experiencing a flood are identified Fig. Part 3 details the methodology for flood-risk analysis.
Baja California Sur
Such changes occurred mainly between and to expand agriculture and cattle ranching Mas et al. Water in Mexico City: Only in a few places floods tend to decrease, as in the state of Baja California or in central Chihuahua. Furthermore, the dynamic character of risk may be related to disaster activity.
United States Department of Agriculture. Therefore, hazard shows a higher frequency variability vs. The change in the frequency of heavy rainfall and a higher vulnerability of watersheds to intense rainfall have increased the risk of flooding in various parts of central southern Mexico.
However, when the hazard corresponds to a specific flood event in a particular time and location, it is expressed in terms of intensity, and risk has a specific value that can be compared with the actual disaster information.
Flood processes and hazards. Precipitation rapidly exceeded mm in a single day and more than mm in three days in the Papagayo basin.
Protección Civil :: Baja California Sur
Conclusions The rapid transformation of the Mexican territory during the twentieth past century has led to significant vegetation losses Mas et al. Linking land use, erosion and sediment yields in river basins.
Direct runoff, Q, as a function of CN was calculated in the present study for rainfall values larger than P Flood damage, vulnerability and risk perception-challenges for flood damage research.
International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences3 1 Geological Society of America Bulletin12 rifsgos,